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2. Code of Conduct 
 
  Article 14-The Judicial Code of Conduct  
14.1 The Judicial Code of Conduct  
  The Judicial code of conduct are ten (10) canons by which all persons functioning in the position of judge or magistrate shall perform and hold their duties. Furthermore, it is expected that all judges and magistrates shall be thoroughly familiar with these ten canons as to be able to recite aloud as part of important ceremonial events relating to the opening and closing of court sessions throughout the year.
 
14.1 The Ten Canons of Justice  
  The following are the Ten Canons of Justice  
  It is to these truths and ideals that I shall hold my office and no other:

1. That I (a judge) shall seek to perform the duties and responsibilities of office to the best of my abilities;
2. That I (a judge) pledge my allegiance to the constitution of United Ireland and shall do all within my power to protect its sovereignty and integrity;
3. That I (a judge) pledge my honor and duty to upholding the essential rights of every human being and the values of just society;
4. That I (a judge) shall always uphold the integrity and independence of the judiciary;
5. That I (a judge) shall executive the duties of my office without fear or favour;
6. That I (a judge) shall never allow my personal life, relationships or beliefs to be associated with, or influence in my judgment in any matter before me;
7. That I (a judge) shall seek to render judgment with care, precision and without delay;
8. That I (a judge) shall refrain from extra-judicial activities excepting those that seek to enhance the status of law and administration of justice;
9. That I (a judge) shall refrain from public and political comment whilst in office;
10. That I (a judge) shall avoid impropriety and the appearance of impropriety;

 
Canon 1 That I (a judge) shall seek to perform the duties and responsibilities of office to the best of my abilities  
  A judge should diligently discharge the judge's administrative responsibilities, maintain professional competence in judicial administration, and facilitate the performance of the administrative responsibilities of other judges and court officials.  
  A judge should require court officials, staff, and others subject to the judge's direction and control, to observe the same standards of fidelity and diligence applicable to the judge.  
  A judge with supervisory authority over other judges should take reasonable measures to assure the timely and effective performance of their duties.  
Canon 2 That I (a judge) pledge my allegiance to the constitution of United Ireland and shall do all within my power to protect its sovereignty and integrity  
  A judge should be one of the strongest champions of the constitution of United Ireland and its protection from damage, or suspension by both overt and covert means.  
Canon 3 That I (a judge) pledge my honor and duty to upholding the essential rights of every human being and the values of just society  
  A judge must be a person who holds sacred the inherent rights and needs of a human being and the values held highest of a just society.  
  While a person convicted of a crime, may by law be deprived of one or more of their rights as punishment, this should always be considered by the judge in the light of the importance of these rights and the general protection of such rights within society at large.  
Canon 4 That I (a judge) shall always uphold the integrity and independence of the judiciary;  
  An independent and honorable judiciary is indispensable to justice in our society. A judge should participate in establishing, maintaining, and enforcing high standards of conduct, and should personally observe those standards, so that the integrity and independence of the judiciary may be preserved. The provisions of this Code should be construed and applied to further that objective.  
Canon 5 That I (a judge) shall executive the duties of my office without fear or favour;  
  A judge should be faithful to and maintain professional competence in the law, and should not be swayed by partisan interests, public clamor, or fear of criticism.  
  A judge should hear and decide matters assigned, unless disqualified, and should maintain order and decorum in all judicial proceedings.  
  A judge should be patient, dignified, respectful, and courteous to litigants, jurors, witnesses, lawyers, and others with whom the judge deals in an official capacity, and should require similar conduct of those subject to the judge's control, including lawyers to the extent consistent with their role in the adversary process.  
  A judge should accord to every person who is legally interested in a proceeding, or the person's lawyer, full right to be heard according to law, and, except as authorized by law, neither initiate nor consider ex parte communications on the merits, or procedures affecting the merits, of a pending or impending proceeding. A judge may, however, obtain the advice of a disinterested expert on the law applicable to a proceeding before the judge if the judge gives notice to the parties of the person consulted and the substance of the advice, and affords the parties reasonable opportunity to respond. A judge may, with consent of the parties, confer separately with the parties and their counsel in an effort to mediate or settle pending matters.  
  A judge should not make unnecessary appointments and should exercise that power only on the basis of merit, avoiding nepotism and favoritism. A judge should not approve compensation of appointees beyond the fair value of services rendered.  
Canon 6 That I (a judge) shall never allow my personal life, relationships or beliefs to be associated with, or influence in my judgment in any matter before me;  
 

A judge shall disqualify himself or herself in a proceeding in which the judge's impartiality might reasonably be questioned, including but not limited to instances in which:

 
  (a) the judge has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party, or personal knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the proceeding;  
  (b) the judge served as lawyer in the matter in controversy, or a lawyer with whom the judge previously practiced law served during such association as a lawyer concerning the matter, or the judge or such lawyer has been a material witness;  
  (c) the judge knows that the judge, individually or as a fiduciary, or the judge's spouse or minor child residing in the judge's household, has a financial interest in the subject matter in controversy or in a party to the proceeding, or any other interest that could be affected substantially by the outcome of the proceeding;  
  (d) the judge or the judge's spouse, or a person related to either within the third degree of relationship, or the spouse of such a person is involved in the proceeding.  
  (e) the judge has served in governmental employment and in such capacity participated as counsel, advisor, or material witness concerning the proceeding or has expressed an opinion concerning the merits of the particular case in controversy.  
Canon 7 That I (a judge) shall seek to render judgment with care, precision and without delay;  
  A judge should dispose promptly of the business of the court.  
Canon 8 That I (a judge) shall refrain from extra-judicial activities excepting those that seek to enhance the status of law and administration of justice;  
  A judge, subject to the proper performance of judicial duties, may engage in the following law-related activities, if in doing so the judge does not cast reasonable doubt on the capacity to decide impartially any issue that may come before the judge:  
  (a) A judge may speak, write, lecture, teach, and participate in other activities concerning the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice.  
  (b) A judge may appear at a public hearing before, or otherwise consult with, an executive or legislative body or official on matters concerning the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice to the extent that it would generally be perceived that a judge's judicial experience provides special expertise in the area. A judge acting pro se may also appear before or consult with such officials or bodies in a matter involving the judge or the judge's interest.  
  (c) A judge may serve as a member, officer, or director of an organization or governmental agency devoted to the improvement of the law, the legal system, or the administration of justice. A judge may assist such an organization in planning fund-raising activities and may participate in the management and investment of funds, but should not personally participate in public fund-raising activities. A judge may make recommendations to public and private fund-granting agencies on projects and programs concerning the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice. A judge may solicit funds from other judges over whom the judge does not exercise supervisory or appellate authority. A judge shall not personally participate in membership solicitation if the solicitation might reasonably be perceived as coercive or is essentially a fund-raising mechanism.  
  A judge may write, lecture, teach, and speak on non-legal subjects, and engage in the arts, sports, and other social and recreational activities, if such avocational activities do not detract from the dignity of the judge's office or interfere with the performance of the judge's judicial duties.  
 

A judge may participate in civic and charitable activities that do not reflect adversely upon the judge's impartiality or interfere with the performance of judicial duties. A judge may serve as an officer, director, trustee, or non-legal advisor of an educational, religious, charitable, fraternal, or civic organization not conducted for the economic or political advantage of its members, subject to the following limitations:
(1) A judge should not serve if it is likely that the organization will be engaged in proceedings that would ordinarily come before the judge or will be regularly engaged in adversary proceedings in any court.

(2) A judge should not solicit funds for any educational, religious, charitable, fraternal, or civic organization, or use or permit the use of the prestige of the judicial office for that purpose, but the judge may be listed as an officer, director, or trustee of such an organization. A judge should not personally participate in membership solicitation if the solicitation might reasonably be perceived as coercive or is essentially a fund-raising mechanism.

(3) A judge should not give investment advice to such an organization, but may serve on its board of directors or trustees even though it has the responsibility for approving investment decisions.

 
Canon 9 That I (a judge) shall refrain from public and political comment whilst in office;  
  A judge should avoid public comment on the merits of a pending or impending action, requiring similar restraint by court personnel subject to the judge's direction and control. This proscription does not extend to public statements made in the course of the judge's official duties, to the explanation of court procedures, or to a scholarly presentation made for purposes of legal education.  
  A judge should refrain from any kind of public comment concerning the political actions of parties, or the policies of the Executive Government, for risking the jeapordy of the separation of powers and the independence of the judiciary.  
Canon 10 That I (a judge) shall avoid impropriety and the appearance of impropriety;  
  A judge should respect and comply with the law and should act at all times in a manner that promotes public confidence in the integrity and impartiality of the judiciary.  
  A judge should not allow family, social, or other relationships to influence judicial conduct or judgment. A judge should not lend the prestige of the judicial office to advance the private interests of others; nor convey or permit others to convey the impression that they are in a special position to influence the judge. A judge should not testify voluntarily as a character witness.  
  A judge should not hold membership in any organization that practices invidious discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin.  
  A judge should refrain from financial and business dealings that tend to reflect adversely on the judge's impartiality, interfere with the proper performance of judicial duties, exploit the judicial position, or involve the judge in frequent transactions with lawyers or other persons likely to come before the court on which the judge serves.  
  A judge may hold and manage investments, including real estate, and engage in other remunerative activity, but should not serve as an officer, director, active partner, manager, advisor, or employee of any business other than a business closely held and controlled by members of the judge's family. For this purpose, "members of the judge's family" means persons related to the judge or the judge's spouse within the third degree of relationship calculated according to the civil law system, any other relatives with whom the judge or the judge's spouse maintains a close familial relationship, and the spouse of any of the foregoing.  
  A judge should manage investments and other financial interests to minimize the number of cases in which the judge is disqualified. As soon as the judge can do so without serious financial detriment, the judge should divest himself or herself of investments and other financial interests that might require frequent disqualification.  
  A judge should not solicit or accept anything of value from anyone seeking official action from or doing business with the court or other entity served by the judge, or from anyone whose interests may be substantially affected by the performance or nonperformance of official duties; except that a judge may accept a gift as permitted by the Judicial Conference gift regulations. A judge should endeavor to prevent a member of a judge's family residing in the household from soliciting or accepting a gift except to the extent that a judge would be permitted to do so by the Judicial Conference gift regulations.  
     
 
 

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